Hiking/Camping

The 5 Best GPS For Hiking & Backpacking – [2018]

Many hikers refuse to enter the wilderness without a hiking GPS. Some hikers use GPS units as supplements to map and compass.

I bought my first GPS when Geocaching was a brand-new hobby. If you’re not familiar, Geocaching is a “sport” where participants hide and seek “treasure” stashes around the world using GPS.

The best handheld hiking GPS units have come a long way since then and become much more affordable. While it’s still quite popular, Geocaching is another way to use a handheld GPS.

Others use GPS units exclusively for navigation off trail or following a pre-charted route with great accuracy. Whatever your needs, a GPS is an indispensable modern piece of navigation equipment for the hiker.

For more of my top gear recommendations, have a look through these popular Outside Pursuits guide links: Hiking Compasses, GPS Hiking Watches, Hiking Backpacks.

Quick Answer: The 5 Best Handheld GPS For Hiking

  1. Garmin Montana 680t
  2. Garmin GPSMAP 64st
  3. Garmin Foretrex 401 Waterproof Hiking GPS
  4. Garmin eTrex 30x
  5. DeLorme AG-008727 InReach Explorer

Let’s take a look at the top rated handheld GPS, then we’ll talk about how to choose the best one for you in our guide. Here is a feature overview for my top 3 overall picks.

Best Hiking GPS

 Garmin Montana 680tGarmin GPSMAP 64stGarmin Foretrex 401
editors choice
Garmin Montana 680t
Features:GPS & GLONASS, Pre Loaded Geocaches
GPS & GLONASS, Pre Loaded Geocaches
High-sensitivity GPS receiver

Wearable:NoNoYes
Camera: 8 mp 8 mpNone
Connectivity:Garmin ConnectANT+, Bluetooth & Garmin ConnectANT+ & Garmin Connect
Best For:Hiking, General Navigation & GeocachingHiking, General Navigation & GeocachingHiking, Backcountry Skiing, Hunting & Fishing

Handheld GPS Reviews

#1 Garmin Montana 680t Review

Garmin Montana 680t

Garmin has been making the Montana series GPS units for years. In fact, my first backpacking GPS was a Garmin brand.

Now there’s more features than ever packed into ever more affordable packages. 3-axis compass will allow you to maintain an accurate bearing whether moving, standing still, or holding the GPS unit at an angle.

It’s hard to recognize just how convenient this feature is until you try using a GPS without it.

Garmin has loaded the 680t with high definition topographic maps so you won’t have to worry about aftermarket maps unless you’re looking to travel outside the US or seeking some maps with very unique perspectives.

Video: Overview of the Garmin Montana.

It even comes with over 250K preloaded geocaches, though you’ll want to update their information before heading out on the hunt – in case your local geocache is no longer available (they change often).

I think one of the coolest features is the onboard camera. While a dedicated camera certainly would take better quality photos, such as a DSLR, it’s not always easy or convenient to carry a camera while hiking.

Having a camera on the Montana 680t means you can take a quick geo-tagged photo or some scenery and wildlife pics on the fly. I think this is the best geocaching GPS. Similar in functionality but cheaper is the Garmin Oregon.


#2 Garmin GPSMAP 64st Review

Garmin GPSMAP 64st TOPO

Possibly the most well-loved GPS unit in use among the hiking community, Garmin has been making the GPSMAP 64s handheld unit for longer than I can remember.

This low-resolution screen, button interfaced GPS unit (glonass satellite capability) is waterproof, accurate, durable, and reliable. There’s few better qualities in a hiking GPS than those!

Choose from several different models with preloaded maps in either the US or Canada, there is also microsd card slot add add as many maps as you want. There’s even a model with an integrated camera, though it’ll cost you a bit more.

While the 2.6” 160×240 pixel display won’t win awards for clarity or contrast, it’s extremely battery efficient. They’ve even kept the GPSMAP upgraded and it now features the industry standard 3-axis compass and wireless Bluetooth and ANT connectivity.

Honestly, this would probably be my go-to choice for reliability, efficiency, and effectiveness.

While it’s not as fancy as the high resolution, touch screen displays of some of the more expensive models, you’ll be hard pressed to find a user with something negative to say.

In my opinion this is the best handheld GPS for hiking with a lithium-ion battery for awesome battery life to boot!.


#3 Garmin Foretrex 401 Waterproof Hiking GPS Review

With a slight departure from the mapping GPS units we’ve been looking at, this GPS is simple, sleek, and efficient. It operates on a conservative two AAA batteries which promise long battery life due to the black and white screen and simple operation.

Instead of the map features available on the other units we’ve reviewed, this unit operates on a simple waypoint and tracking navigation system.

The GPS will passively track your route as you walk and you can activate the “TracBack” feature to retrace your steps. This is a great emergency or backup feature for those navigating difficult areas.

Create a waypoint, track, or destination before leaving home and upload the information to your GPS to use its simple functionality to track your route as you navigate. Having the option to wear it on your wrist for convenience, makes the Garmin Foretrex 401 the best backpacking GPS.

This is a great, simple, lightweight supplement for map and compass navigation for the confident backcountry traveler looking for a safety net. It never hurts to have a backup plan.


#4 Garmin eTrex 30x Review

Garmin eTrex 30x

This upgraded version of a classic GPS receiver has stood the test of time. Garmin’s original eTrex has been around in black and white display format for decades. Now you can find the same reliable, waterproof GPS unit in several different models.

This 30x model eTrex features a 2.2” color display which is small, accurate, and efficient. It’s a great balance between visibility and good battery life.

Preloaded base maps aren’t great so you’ll definitely want to take advantage of that nice display screen and get yourself some aftermarket maps to beef up your unit.

Video: Overview of the Garmin eTrex.

Topo 24K maps are a great high definition topographic map choice for most hiking users. This is a great way to take advantage of the high resolution, small screen.

With features we have come to expect from modern handheld GPS units, the eTrex30 is wirelessly compatible with other devices to share waypoints, tracks, or routes as well as geocache information.

That means you can share geocache locations on the fly with other participants in the field. Know where something is? Share it with others! This is probably the best handheld GPS for the money. If you are looking to save a few dollars the Garmin eTrex 10 is similar in functionality.


#5 DeLorme AG InReach Explorer & Satellite Communicator

DeLorme AG-008727 InReach Explorer with Satellite Communicator

I wanted to give an option for GPS navigation units other than Garmin but it turns out Garmin bought Delorme for the messaging technology.

While GPS devices connect to satellites to send and receive location based data, there’s usually no way to use that connection to communicate with the world.

Luckily, with the SPOT satellite device paired to the Delorme AG, you can now send and receive messages and location information.

This is an awesome solution for those looking to carry the best GPS for hiking for accurate off trail navigation or map and compass backup.

It has all the features you would expect like a digital compass, GPS navigation with ability to drop waypoints and downloadable maps.

What makes the Delorme differnet is you can program in text messages to send to specific phones such as your parents, spouse, or emergency team.

There’s even an SOS and emergency signal broadcast option so you can use it like a personal locator beacon.

With support for up to 32GB Micro SD cards and tons of custom mapping features, you’ll be able to use the high-resolution sunlight readable display for accurate navigation in any weather.

Fully waterproof and equipped with access to the highest aerial satellite imagery, if you would like the ability to send messages from anywhere, the Delorme is your best bet!


Hiking GPS Comparison Table

Hiking GPS ScreenGPS & GLONASSWAAS EnabledCameraSatellite MessagingRating
Garmin Montana 680t4"YesYesYesNo3.9 / 5.0
Garmin GPSMAP 64st2.6"YesNoNoNo3.9 / 5.0
Garmin Foretrex 4011.7"NoYesNoNo4.5 / 5.0
Garmin eTrex 30x2.2”YesYesNoNo3.9 / 5.0
DeLorme InReach Explorer1.8” NoNoNoYes4.0 / 5.0

How to Choose the Best Hiking GPS

Best Handheld Hiking GPS UnitsIf you’re new to the world of navigating in the backcountry, there can be many considerations which may not at first be obvious. I’m going to help you choose the best hiking GPS for your needs by walking with you through several key decision points.

Battery Use

Handheld GPS units all use some kind of lithium-ion batteries. Most hiking GPS devices use replaceable batteries, unlike car GPS units which use sealed, rechargeable batteries.

Why? Because in the field you won’t have a good way to recharge a GPS unit, so hiking GPS units use simple AA batteries for the most part.

Consider using rechargeable AA batteries when using your GPS on shorter trips or around the local park. This will save you money on batteries and you can simply use disposable batteries on longer backpacking trips where recharging isn’t an option. We’ll talk more about this a little later.

Pro Tip: Keep your GPS warm when the temperatures drop. Cold batteries will die much faster than warm batteries. In fact you can go through an entire set of batteries in just hours when temperatures plunge below zero.

Look for an inside pocket on your jacket to keep the GPS in. That way it’s accessible but still warm enough to keep the batteries chugging along.

Screen Size and Type

Today you’ll have to choose from two main types of GPS:

  • Touch screen
  • Traditional

Touch screen GPS units usually have larger screens, as there’s no need to make room for physical buttons on the unit. However, touch screens can be more difficult to use in rain, cold weather, or when wearing gloves.

If you are looking for a wearable, a GPS watch is a good option. Don’t expect the batteries to last very long though. They’re rechargeable only and you won’t get much battery life out of them compared to handhelds.

Larger screens are nice for viewing but come with two main drawbacks:

  • They consume batteries faster
  • The overall unit will be larger and heavier than smaller screen units

Maps

Most GPS units come with a pretty simple and, frankly, poor quality “base map”. Fortunately, more and more manufacturers are including high quality topographic maps as standard fare on their hiking GPS units.

Remember that there’s a big difference between topographic (hiking) maps versus street maps and marine maps. You’ll find handheld GPSes with each of these types of maps installed so make sure it’s the kind you’re really looking for.

Be sure that the unit you’re considering buying has high quality topo maps installed for hiking, otherwise make sure to calculate the cost and hassle of buying third-party maps and installing them yourself.

Electronic Compass

best backpacking gps

GPS units use equations to calculate where you are, where you’re going, and how fast. If you’re standing still, however, the unit has no way of knowing how it’s oriented to the world around you.

Units lacking a standalone electronic compass are incapable of generating a heading or bearing when standing still for this reason.

Especially for accurate navigation, orienteering, geocaching or just finding your way back to basecamp you’ll want to make sure your GPS receiver has an onboard electronic compass which allows the unit to calculate and display a bearing while standing still.

Having a 3-axis compass is a must-have feature as it allows you to hold the GPS in any orientation while still getting an accurate bearing.

You’ll have to hold the GPS perfectly flat like a piece of paper to get a 2-axis compass to work properly, and trust me it’s annoying.

Wireless Capability

Many newer GPS devices feature Wi-Fi connection or wireless device-to-device communication. That means if your friend has a compatible device, you can quickly and easily transfer routes, waypoints, and POI’s wirelessly.

If you’re often traveling with a partner it might be worth considering a wireless capable GPS unit.

Many are wireless in another way as well. Bluetooth is a popular method of data transfer and some even have Wi-Fi. These are important because otherwise you have to plug the GPS unit in with a USB cord to upload or download anything (which is a pain).

If you don’t want to plug your GPS into your computer every time you want to do anything then make sure to invest in a GPS with Bluetooth or Wi-Fi.

Radio Capability

Some GPS units now feature the capability to act as two-way radios or short distance phones. With a compatible device, you can use a set of GPS units to establish two-way communications which is critical in situations such as search and rescue or emergency services.

You may even find that your device comes standard with the ability to access NOAA weather radio broadcasts.

GLONASS vs GPS

Turns out there are tons of satellites spinning around Earth helping us do stuff all the time. If you’re American you first got access to GPS which is the United States version of navigation satellites. If you’re Russian you would’ve gotten access to GLONASS satellites which is the (surprise) Russian navigation satellite system.

Today, because everyone has been playing nice, most GPS units rely on both GPS and GLONASS connections to navigate. The politics of it is well beyond me and some day, if things turn for the worse, maybe we’ll lose access to GLONASS or they’ll lose access to GPS use.

Who knows what might happen then.

What it really boils down to is two-fold:

  1. The most accurate navigation units use both GPS and GLONASS satellites
  2. Most GPS units today use both GPS and GLONASS satellites

That’s it.

FAQs For Handheld GPS Units

Q: What is a mapping GPS?

A: Don’t all GPSes use maps? So they’re all mapping GPSes, right?

Nope. Back in the day all GPS units just had blank screens. There were waypoints that you could navigate to but in between everything was just blank. No way to tell if there was a mountain, river, or anything else in the way of you and your destination.

So, eventually, handheld units got more powerful and more detailed. Colored screens, LCD screens, and other inventions took over and paved the way for a mapping GPS.

Mapping GPSes have the ability to overlay maps behind your objectives, paths, and waypoints. You can get traffic maps, aerial maps, topographic maps and more!

Q: Do I have to pay for maps?

A: Negative. Okay, well maybe…

Used to be that you had to pay crazy fees to buy maps for your GPS unit. Then, every year, a newer map came out that you had to pay for (again). It was a pain in the wallet.

Now you can often buy handheld units with preloaded maps. These are often indicated with a T in the name like Garmin Oregon 450T for instance. This indicates that the GPS comes preloaded with topographic maps.

Technically, the maps are free because they’re preloaded. However, the GPS unit usually costs more than an identical one without preloaded maps so… are they really free?

Of course, you can still pay for more maps. Maps of different areas, countries, or details. You may also have to pay to use software that lets you create routes for uploading on to the GPS. Free software does exist, but the most powerful stuff is always pay to use.

Q: Should I use rechargeable batteries?

A: I would never recommend an internal rechargeable battery for hiking GPSes. Rechargeable batteries that you can swap out, however, are a great idea!

Let me clarify that when you’re hiking or backpacking you can’t usually recharge an internal battery. Of course, you could bring a big ol’ battery pack but they’re clunky and less efficient than just swapping out AA batteries.

So, to save the environment and your pocketbook you can use rechargeable AA batteries. Take however many of them you need for the duration of your trip and recharge them when you get home.

Why not use a battery pack to recharge internal batteries? Because the charging process can take a long time and you need to be able to swap batteries and just get going again.

Q: Is a touch screen better than button operated GPSes?

A: Eh… depends on your preferences I think.

One big different between touch screen and button operated GPSes is the battery consumption. Generally touch screen GPSes tend to have bigger, brighter, and more power hungry screens. This is great for detailed mapping but it does eat up batteries faster.

If you don’t need insane detail or the ability to edit maps in the field, consider a button operated GPS. They’re often just as powerful but they feel a little more archaic. There’s nothing wrong with them, though, and the extra battery life may be more of a help than more detailed screens.

One thing to think about is use during cold or nasty weather. Touch screens can be hard to use when they’re wet, and they can be literally painful to use if you have to take your gloves off in cold weather. Button operated GPSes are often usable even with gloves on.

Overall the difference is negligible but the longer battery life and cheaper price tag on the “simpler” button operated GPSes might actually be a good thing for many hikers.

Q: What is the best GPS for Geocaching?

A: I will admit it, I bought my first GPS specifically for Geocaching. Today, however, I can just use my phone. It’s easier and more accurate! Plus, I have it on me all the time so I can go when I feel like it.

For serious dedicated Geocachers a phone GPS unit still makes the most sense:

  • They’re just as accurate as most handheld units
  • They’re in your pocket all the time
  • Geocaching apps make it easier than a handheld GPS
  • You can double check with web searches
  • No need to upload or download GPS coordinates to a seperate device

I would encourage any Geocacher to simply use a decent smartphone for these reasons. Today a handheld GPS for geocaching just doesn’t make sense anymore.

Conclusion

There are so many options on the market today that it can be a challenge to identify your needs in a GPS and find one which meets your standards.

Many GPS receivers offer too much power or more features than most people need. Be careful about upgrading to the most expensive unit without considering why.

Some of the smaller units offer higher reliability, equal accuracy, and many of the same robust features as top-end units at a lower price. You’ll also benefit from reduced battery consumption by using a GPS that has just the features you need and not a bunch of extra fancy gadgets.

For the casual weekend hiker, the Garmin eTrex or GPSMAP units are reliable and powerful enough to get any job done without gobbling up batteries.

If you’re a world class navigator looking for only the best off-trail navigation and cutting edge features, something like the Garmin Montana 680t will be your trusted companion.

It’s easy to get trapped in the hype of buying new gadgets. However, with careful consideration you’ll be able to choose the best handheld hiking GPS companion for all of your adventures. Remember for the ultimate in portability is a GPS watch.

Decide which features really matter to you and you’ll be happy with any choice on our list of hiking GPS units.


I hope this guide was helpful for finding the best hiking GPS to fit your needs. If you want to comment or recommend a GPS receiver I didn’t include, please use my contact form to get in touch.

Have fun and be safe out there!

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Casey Fielder

I am an avid outdoorsman with experience in naturalist education, outside adventure education, ski instruction, and writing. In addition to my outdoor hobbies, I’m a huge fan of punk rock. I have launched several start-ups. (or business ventures) When exploring the backcountry, I usually carry less than 10 pounds of gear. Years of experience have taught me to pack light. I enjoy sharing my experiences of backcountry education teaching and guiding through writing.

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