If your like me, a hot cup of coffee to start the day is a necessity. And after a long day trekking through the woods, there are few things better than a hot meal at the end of the day.
With modern lightweight backpacking stoves this is not hard to do. There are many choices though, which one is best for your needs? The biggest difference being the choice of fuel, so we evaluated canister, alcohol and wood burning stoves.
To find out which ones were the best backpacking stoves we took a 2 week trip in the backcountry and put 11 stoves through our tests.
We evaluated each stove based on size/weight, how versatile they were, fuel efficiency, ease of use and stability.
The good news is we narrowed it down to seven, each with its unique advantages.
First lets take a look at the backpacking stoves, then we’ll talk about how to choose the right one for your needs.
- MSR WhisperLite Backpacking Stove
- MSR PocketRocket Backpacking Stove
- MSR WindBurner Stove System
- Optimus Crux Lite Stove With Terra Cook Set
- Etekcity E-gear Backpacking Gas Stove
- Emberlit Fireant Titanium Wood Burning Backpacking Stove
- Solo Stove Compact Wood Burning Backpacking Stove
Here is an overview of the stoves with full reviews and our buying guide below.
The Best Backpacking Stoves
Backpacking Stove Reviews
Here we come upon one of the most iconic and long standing pieces of equipment in the backpacking world. The Whisperlite stove has been around and in heavy use for decades.
A liquid fuel stove, the Whisperlite burns white gas fuel. With a total weight (pump, screens, and stove) of 14.5oz the stove isn’t the lightest option on the market by any means.
Priming the stove requires a specific sequence of pressurization, fuel release, and lighting a small puddle of open white gas. It’s easy to forget the sequence and can be a little challenging at first.
Whisperlite stoves, if properly maintained, will last for decades of use and they’re nearly impossible to damage unless you’re careless.
MSR offers replacement parts for every piece of the stove and it’s easy to learn to disassemble, maintain, and repair every aspect of this stove.
In my opinion, the Whisperlite is the best backpacking canister stove on the market.
Once you learn about the Whisperlite you’ll see that it has a legendary place in the backpacking world based on ingenuity, reliability, and durability.
This is not a stove I would suggest for lightweight solo backpackers. It is, however, a great choice for group backpacking trips or camping trips as well as education groups.
While the not cheapest backpacking stove, it is a mid range priced option that is well worth the price.
This is a great stove to have in your backpack for its versatility and sheer dependability.
This little integrated canister fuel stove has been around for years. I remember buying my first canister stove and heavily considering this option. Fact is – it’s a great contender!
A feather light 3oz weight means you can enjoy the convenience and simplicity of canister stove use at a lightweight and compact point.
Fast boil times of 3.5 min per liter are advertised but you’ll have a hard time realizing that number without a highly efficient pot and a nice windscreen.
MSR’s PocketRocket is a great choice if you’re looking for a dependable and economical choice in the canister fuel stove class which you won’t have to research or worry about.
They just work. Every time.
One major advantage of canister stoves is the ease of simmering and flame control. The MSR PocketRocket will be a pleasure to dial in with heat control.
Disadvantages include a narrow base which may be unstable. Speaking from experience, however, I can say that I never had an issue with stability on integrated canister stoves.
MSR is also manufactured by Cascade Designs which is known in the industry for exception customer service and quality.
If you’re buying the PocketRocket you’re buying a time-tested stove from a solid company with amazing service and products.
MSR has the best lineup of anybody for backpacking stoves and the MSR Windburner is a relatively new edition to their lineup. The Windburner is an integrated canister stove and its main features are fuel efficiency and wind resistance.
Using the Windburner is about as simple as it gets. Simply add water, soup or any other liquid to the one-liter cooking cup and attach it to the burner. The rapid heating stove will have the contents boiling in 2 minutes or less.
The MSR’s “flux ring” technology gives the Windburner its heating efficiency. It securely attaches to the burner letting a minimum of heat escape and keeping the wind out with a built in windscreen.
One of the unique features of the Windburner’s cooking cup is the color change window that lets you know when the contents of the cooking pot is hot.
The cooking cup can be used to sip the contents directly without having to removed the lid.
There is a plastic bottom to the cup that comes off and can be used a cup for sipping or for a measuring cup.
MSR even includes a Cozy with a handle that fits around the up so you don’t burn your hand.
MSR included a important safety feature so that you can’t overheat and explode the cooking cup. The thermal trip mechanism shuts down the burner should it get too hot. This is a feature I really like.
One of its few downsides is the lack of a self-igniting piezo mechanism. You still need a lighter of marched to light it. This could be a pain when its really windy trying to get the fuel canister lit.
Since it is fairly tall it is susceptible to tipping over so you need to take care to place the stove on a flat, stable surface. It includes a canister stand to give it more stability but it of course adds to the weight and is not absolutely necessary to carry along, saving a bit of weight.
Each fuel canister has enough heating power for 12 liters of liquid. One of the features I like best is the burner, and fuel canister all inside the cooking cup for very compact and efficient storage. All packed up it measures only 4 x 7 inches and weighs 15 ounces.
One of the latest innovations of the Windburner are the optional accessories available that significantly increases its versatility. The 1.8 liter cooking pot almost doubles its capacity.
The Windburner is by far the best solution when you want to boil water for freeze dried meals or soup. However now there is a skillet available for even more flexibility, you are not limited to liquids anymore.
With the accessories, the MSR Windburner can now handle all your cooking needs.
If you only need the cooking cup, the Flash Personal Cooking System by Jetboil is a great option and cheaper. Just keep in mind there is no skillet option so you are limited to liquids only.
If you are looking for maximum flexibility with your cooking options then the Optimus Crux needs to be at the top of your list. What I like about the Crux is that it comes with a .6 liter sauce pan AND a one liter pot for cooking/heating liquids.
Other backpacking stoves have these options of course but no one else offers it such an integrated package like the Crux. The Crux is a low profile stove so it’s stable and can be used pretty much anywhere.
The Crux takes about 3 minutes to bring a liter of water to a boil. Not as fast as the MSR Windburner because it’s a stove and not integrated, so it doesn’t have the heating efficiency or the wind resistance.
But what it lacks in the time to boil it makes up for the versatility, at least in my opinion. With a 220-gram canister of fuel you get about 90 minutes of cooking time with the stove at max power. Of course it will be much longer at lower settings.
The burner is incredibly light (230 grams) and you can very accurately control the heat with this burner. You are not just getting a stove but a cooking set with sauce pan and a pot.
The saucepan and lid fit together with the burner fitting inside. It’s a small, compact and convenient and comes with a mesh carry bag. If you get the smaller 100-gram gas cartridge it will store inside as well for the ultimate in compactness.
For a serious bargain price you are getting the best backpacking stove for the money.
In appearance this little stove sits somewhere between the kitchen colander and the moon lander from 1969.
What’s really happening here is that Etekcity has integrated an adjustable wind screen on to the top of this remote canister stove.
Weighing in at a solid 16+ oz this stove is definitely going to add some weight and bulk to the pack.
This stove definitely won’t win any awards for lightweight design but it sports a reasonably stable design which might be great for recreational camping.
An integrated piezo ignition (push-button spark) makes it easy to light without matches.
Always carry a Zippo lighter, however, because piezo ignitors are notorious for ceasing to work at the worst possible times.
My professional opinion? I think this stove is a very budget minded solution for a quick buy. There are lighter and more well designed canister stoves out there but you’re going to pay more for them.
I’m always hesitant to purchase new products from unknown companies and I’d prefer to see people stick with well developed, time-tested, options from reputable manufacturers who understand the industry inside and out.
This stove does everything it needs to do, and does it well but it doesn’t excel as a leader in design or operation among its peers. I think this is the best budget backpacking stove.
Best Wood Burning Stoves
Smokey The Bear will be proud of you for using the Fireant wood burning stove. When you want to use wood as your fuel source, then you need the Fireant. This collapsible wood burning backpacking stove is made from PURE titanium. The same metal used in jet engines because it withstands heat and does not corrode, EVER.
Once you put the slats together it forms a surprisingly sturdy stove that supports a fully loaded skillet or pot. The design of the stove is such, that it sucks in air from the bottom to burn the wood fully and does so with less smoke because of how efficiently it burns the wood.
It will boil a pot of water in short order and it gets hot so be careful you don’t touch it and what you put it on will not catch fire. While it’s stable, you still have to take care to set it up on a flat surface.
It folds up to just 2 x 4.4 inches by a 1/8 of an inch thick and weighs about 4 ounces. You can take this stove anywhere and makes a great backup stove if you are using a bigger stove when you have a group of people.
The stove will burn practically anything that will fit in it. The huge advantage of the Fireant, and wood burning stoves in general is that you no longer need to carry around a fuel canister. Saving not only money but weight! See my fire starter reviews of some good ones to bring with you.
It is also designed to use Esbit/Trangia alcohol burners. There is a slot you insert that is specially designed for these burners. It’s not a bad idea to bring a few in case of rain and you are having trouble getting the wet wood lit.
I really like this backpacking stove, Emberlite offers a lifetime warranty and its quality made in the USA. Although I can’t imagine you ever needing the warranty. I would rate the Fireant as the best backpacking wood stove.
One thing I should mention is that the panels are laser cut and are fairly sharp. I cut myself on one of the panels, and had to sand the edges smooth.
Backpacking Magazine didn’t recommend the Solo Stove for no reason. If you’re looking for a wood burning camping or backpacking stove the Solo Stove is a worthy contender. The stove is extremely efficient. It has a patented design of a double wall that completely burns the wood in a much more completely than an open campfire.
The air is drawn in the bottom of the stove and as it heats up, air flows through the hollow wall and does a secondary burn at the top of the stove. The result is almost complete burning of the wood and hotter temperatures.
While its not going to boil water anywhere near as fast as the MSR Winburner it will get a liter of water boiling in about 8 minutes. You of course have the huge advantage of not toting around fuel canisters.
You can burn just about anything in it, twigs, pinecones and of course sticks. As soon as you get it lit, thicker sticks work best. The stove must be tended and you will need to keep adding fuel which is one downside, if you could call it that vs a canister stove.
It has an ash pan at the bottom so you don’t have to worry about ashes coming out the bottom but it gets very hot so be careful what you place it on. You can also use alcohol burners like the Trangia Spirit Burner.
The Solo Stove is made from 304 stainless steel which is about the best grade you can get and will not rust or corrode. Packed it measures about 4 inches high by 4 ¼ inches wide and weighs 9 ounces. Quite a bit more than the Fireant reviewed above but still compact and lightweight.
It is designed to work best with the Solo Stove Pot 900 and the stove fits inside of it saving space. The pot is also made of 304 stainless steel and the stove comes with a nylon mesh carry bag. You can buy the Solo Stove separately is you already have a pot you want to use.
It’s hard to find anything to not like about this wood burning stove other than it doesn’t fold completely flat but its advantages more than make up for that and comes with a lifetime warranty.
How to Choose the Right Backpacking Stove
Standing toe to toe with all the choices and options of backpacking stoves can be more than a little daunting. Depending on how light you pack, how long you’ll be gone, how many people are in your group, and what you’ll be cooking – among other things – will have great impact on your choices here.
Luckily for you, I’m going to help you walk through some of the choices so that you may make a more educated decision which will save you time, money, and fuel.
Not all backpacking stoves are the correct choice for each person and each trip so be aware that your choice of stove should, and will, change based on many factors.
Types of Backpacking Stoves
There are tons of backpacking stoves on the market and a dizzying array of styles. We’ll narrow them down to the most popular and talk about each in turn.
Liquid Fuel Stoves
Liquid fuel backpacking stoves use a bottle filled with raw fuel which is then pressurized and burned in the stove. One of the all-time most successful stoves, and a shining example of the liquid fuel stove, is the MSR Whisperlite.
Advantages of the liquid fuel stove include:
- Ability to burn many fuel types including diesel and gasoline (depending on the stove)
- Highly versatile choice particularly for group backpacking
- Can be tailored for use at extreme temperatures and elevations
- Large and heavy stoves compared to others
- Liquid fuel may be prone to leaking
- Stoves are often relatively complex and require maintenance
Canister stoves are similar to liquid fuel but differ in that they consume pre-packaged cans of fuel which are already pressurized with a specific mixture of fuel. These stoves are usually more compact and very simple, often needing nothing more than the push of a button to operate. Canister stoves are not without fault, however.
Advantages of canister stoves:
- Simple design
- Convenient and easy to use
- Lighter, usually, than liquid fuel stoves
- Canisters cannot be refilled and must be carried out when empty
- Canisters may become ineffective in extreme elevation or cold
- Canister fuel can sometimes be difficult to purchase for resupply
It should be noted that canister stoves come in two variations: remote canister and integrated canister.
Wood / Solid Fuel Burning Stoves
An old concept which has made a recent comeback, the wood and solid fuel burning stoves are uncommon but often the perfect solution for many niche backpackers.
There are actually several braches inside this category with the main differentiation being wood burning vs solid fuel (Esbit).
Wood Burning Stoves
Relatively inefficient compared to other options from the perspective of fuel consumed vs boiling time. It can often take a lot of upkeep to continue feeding your little wood burning titanium stove all the tiny twigs it needs to boil your water.
Wood burning titanium stoves can also be difficult to find and purchase as they are a very niche stove type. This means if you happen to crush, bend, or break your titanium stove it may be difficult or impossible to replace from the trail. You may have to order a new one and wait for the mail.
One huge disadvantage is that these stoves will not work in areas where there is no burnable fuel. Can’t find wood, or above the tree line? You’re out of luck.
Solid Fuel Esbit Stove
Esbit stoves are currently my personal choice of stove. Esbit fuel tabs are very difficult to find and purchase while on the trail during resupply so be sure to mail yourself some or check with outfitters along the trail before leaving.
That being said, Esbit fuel tabs weigh very little and a huge quantity of them can be carried at a time for the efficient backpacker. Half a fuel tab will easily boil a cup of water for a reconstituted meal.
This is not the right system for the backpacker who must have two cups of warm coffee every morning and boil 4 cups of water for each meal.
Major advantages of esbit are extremely high fuel efficiency when paired with a good stove and extreme lightweight capability. They have an advantage over alcohol stoves because Esbit is a solid physical tablet of burnable fuel which cannot be spilled. This is convenient for preventing accidental conflagrations.
These little stoves are awesome inventions which have actually been around in other uses for many years. Alcohol stoves have many advantages but come with a few huge drawbacks.
Advantages of alcohol stoves:
- Can be made at home for less than $0.10
- Extremely lightweight
- Extremely simplistic
- Can be extremely dangerous if not properly handled, raw open alcohol fuel may spill
- Very fragile stoves may be destroyed easily and may require some mechanical intuition
- Alcohol fuel is sometimes very difficult to find although many outfitters now carry it standard
Criteria for Evaluation
A well-rounded stove will serve you well no matter what season or location you are entering. Keep in mind, however, that sometimes it’s better to have different stoves for different uses.
Some stoves are much more efficient than others. As a general rule liquid fuel stoves tend to be the least efficient.
Efficiency can be massively improved with things like wind screens, ground reflectors, and pot cozies.
Simple chemistry, however, dictates that some of the efficiency of the stoves be directly a result of stored chemical energy and combustion limitations.
Boiling time can be directly related to efficiency in many ways. Using a wind screen will increase efficiency and decrease boil time dramatically.
Some other factors impacting boil time include shape, size, and color of the pot in which water is being boiled.
Usually most stoves have a fine balance between boil time, efficiency, and fuel consumption so don’t just crank the stove wide-open and waste fuel. Do a little experimenting to find the best balance!
Weight can be a big factor and, if it’s your number one consideration, you’ll want to focus on alcohol, wood burning, or esbit stoves.
There’s plenty of information out there about the exact details but be prepared to do some serious research when deciding on your ideal stove for lightweight applications.
Liquid fuel stoves actually have a surprise advantage here in large group settings when people are planning to share stoves, fuel, and cooking equipment. If you do the math, you may find that a liquid fuel stove is actually lighter and more efficient for large group trips when properly planned.
It comes as no great surprise that the lighter stoves also take up less room. Alcohol, esbit, and wood stoves are by far the smallest.
Again, however, liquid fuel stoves may be a surprise competitor on group trips when you consider splitting up the gear between multiple people. It actually ends up taking up a pleasantly reasonable amount of space.
Canister stoves themselves are usually quite small but the annoyingly large fuel cans present an immediate downfall due to their bulk.
It’s almost impossible to steer wrong with an MSR stove. If you’re looking for a great product from a great manufacturer, look no further.
Take your time and make sure to understand what type of stove is right for your uses before buying a new product!